The Growth Mindset, is the belief that basic qualities are things that can be cultivated with effort. Although people are different in so many ways, all can grow and change through experience.
Fixed Mindset, is the belief that qualities are ‘carved in stone’. This creates an imperative to prove oneself over and over. Every situation is evaluated for succeeding or failing, looking smart or dumb, feeling like a winner or a loser, and being accepted or rejected. It’s not the natural environment for self-reflection and self-development to flourish.
No individual is all Fixed or all Growth Mindset. However, with awareness, and even training, they can react more often to challenging situations with a Growth Mindset.