Scrum uses self-managed teams, agile and adaptable in complex environments.
They leverage the team's collective potential for faster, creative problem-solving.
Here, I'll discuss implementing self-management for high-performing teams.
What is self-management?
Peter Drucker, in 'Management Challenges for the 21st Century,' 📖:
“𝐾𝑛𝑜𝑤𝑙𝑒𝑑𝑔𝑒 𝑤𝑜𝑟𝑘𝑒𝑟𝑠 ℎ𝑎𝑣𝑒 𝑡𝑜 𝑚𝑎𝑛𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑚𝑠𝑒𝑙𝑣𝑒𝑠. 𝑇ℎ𝑒𝑦 ℎ𝑎𝑣𝑒 𝑡𝑜 ℎ𝑎𝑣𝑒 𝑎𝑢𝑡𝑜𝑛𝑜𝑚𝑦”
--emphasizes that knowledge workers must manage themselves and have autonomy, aligning with Agile principles where teams self-manage tasks and decisions.
Unlike manager-led teams, self-managing teams autonomously determine who does what, when, and how.
Self-management can't be forced; it arises from engaging goals and clear boundaries.
Manipulating these factors shapes the degree and direction of self-management, providing guidance and defining the solution space for the team.
Two curcial ingredients for self-management:
1️⃣ 𝑰𝒏𝒈𝒓𝒆𝒅𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕 #1: 𝑯𝒂𝒗𝒆 𝒂 𝒈𝒐𝒐𝒅 𝒈𝒐𝒂𝒍 🎯✅
A good goal motivates and provides context, aiding planning and decision-making.
In Scrum, the Product Goal defines the 'why' for development, while Sprint Goals set short-term objectives.
These goals are concrete, measurable, and visible on the Scrum board, helping the team stay focused and make progress.
2️⃣ 𝑰𝒏𝒈𝒓𝒆𝒅𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕 #2: 𝑩𝒐𝒖𝒏𝒅𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒔 🛂
Teams need clear boundaries for effective self-management.
Supportive boundaries strike a balance between guidance and autonomy, fostering trust and collaboration.
Scrum provides a balanced set of rules:
But external constraints like budget and organizational limitations can hinder self-management.
- 🎉 Scrum Events and Artifacts provide transparency and rapid feedback for result inspection and adaptation.
- 🎭 Scrum roles clarify responsibilities: Product Owner (what to do), Developers (how to do), and Scrum Master (framework).
- ⌚ Timeboxing maintains focus, synchronization, and stakeholder alignment.
- 👌 The Definition of Done ensures transparency and trust in release readiness.
- 💖 Scrum values (focus, respect, openness, commitment, and courage) build a foundation of trust for collaboration.
As Scrum Masters, we work on modifying these boundaries to empower teams.
𝑾𝒐𝒓𝒌 𝒐𝒏 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒃𝒐𝒖𝒏𝒅𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒔 🚧
Begin by identifying 🆔 team boundaries for delivering the Increment and their impact.
Explore ways to make them more supportive, like enhancing transparency and speeding up decision-making.
Use visualization tools and involve the team in proposing small, measurable steps and finding allies.
Make the plan and expected benefits visible to management 👩💼, then collaborate on experiments to address the most limiting boundaries and measure the results.
Scrum encourages self-managing teams, emphasizing the importance of setting good goals and supportive boundaries.
Scrum Masters, coaches, or managers, play a role in helping teams achieve autonomy.