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SCRUM THEORY: What are the Scrum’s artifacts? What are their purposes?

· scrum,team

Scrum’s artifacts include Product Backlog📝, Sprint Backlog🔖 and the increment📦.


These artifacts represent the work or value to provide transparency and opportunities for inspection and adaptation.

These artifacts help in generating a common understanding of the work being done, and the work that is planned.


📝 𝐏𝐫𝐨𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐭 𝐁𝐚𝐜𝐤𝐥𝐨𝐠 𝐢𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐬𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐥𝐞 𝐬𝐨𝐮𝐫𝐜𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐫𝐞𝐪𝐮𝐢𝐫𝐞𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐬 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐚 𝐩𝐚𝐫𝐭𝐢𝐜𝐮𝐥𝐚𝐫 𝐩𝐫𝐨𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐭. 

It lists all features, functions, requirements, enhancements, and fixes that constitute the changes to be made to the product in future releases.

Product Owner🧑‍💼 owns the product backlog and is responsible for its content, availability and ordering.

Product Owner can make changes in the product backlog,

or may ask anyone from the development team or the scrum master to make the changes in it on his behalf, 

but the ultimate accountability lies with the product owner.


🔖 𝐒𝐩𝐫𝐢𝐧𝐭 𝐁𝐚𝐜𝐤𝐥𝐨𝐠 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐬𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐥𝐥𝐨𝐰𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐰𝐨 𝐢𝐭𝐞𝐦𝐬:

👉 The set of Product Backlog items selected for the Sprint

👉 A plan for delivering the product Increment and realizing the Sprint Goal.

A Sprint backlog is generally created in the Sprint planning meeting.

It may not necessarily be complete at the end of the Sprint planning.

The development team🧑‍💻👨‍💻👩‍💻 modifies the sprint backlog during the sprint as more details become available.


📦 𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐈𝐧𝐜𝐫𝐞𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐢𝐬:

👉 The sum of all the Product Backlog items completed during a Sprint, and,

👉 The value of the increments of all previous Sprints.